首 页   本刊简介  编委会  审稿专家  在线期刊  写作规范  广告合作  联系我们
您现在的位置:首页 => 在线期刊 => 2016年 2期 门静脉高压症 => 专家论坛 =>非肝硬化性门静脉高压症的研究进展
非肝硬化性门静脉高压症的研究进展
Research advances in non-cirrhotic portal hypertension
文章发布日期:2016年02月06日  来源:  作者:张博静,韩国宏,樊代明  点击次数:1769次  下载次数:386次

调整字体大小:

(此处下载失败可以在在线预览处保存副本或者右键另存为)

【摘要】:肝硬化是门静脉高压的最常见原因,但仍有约20%的门静脉高压继发于非肝硬化因素,称为非肝硬化性门静脉高压症(NCPH),在发展中国家发病率较高。NCPH是一组异源性的肝脏血管疾病,临床上多见的是特发性门静脉高压(IPH)、肝外门静脉血管阻塞(EHPVO),以及布加综合征、先天性肝纤维化和结节再生性增生等少见病。此类患者常常具有门静脉高压的证据,如反复发生的静脉曲张出血和脾脏肿大,但肝功能保存尚好。目前尚无诊断NCPH的统一标准,对其诊断仍是一个挑战。临床上往往采用排除性诊断,必要时可行肝穿刺活组织检查来确诊。介绍了IPH和EHPVO的发病机制、病理表现、诊断方法及治疗策略的选择,若能有效控制上消化道出血,NCPH被认为是预后相对良好的一类疾病
【Abstract】:Although liver cirrhosis is the most common cause of portal hypertension (PH), about 20% of PH cases are caused by non-cirrhotic reasons, which are referred to as non-cirrhotic portal hypertension (NCPH), with a high incidence rate in developing countries. NCPH is a group of heterogeneous hepatic vascular diseases, including idiopathic portal hypertension (IPH) and extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO), as well as the rare diseases in clinical practice such as Budd-Chiari syndrome, congenital hepatic fibrosis, and nodular regenerative hyperplasia. The patients with NCPH usually have the symptoms of portal hypertension, such as recurrent variceal bleeding and splenomegaly, but liver function is well preserved in these patients. At present, the diagnosis of NCPH lacks a universally accepted standard and remains a challenge. In clinical practice, the method of exclusion is usually applied for the diagnosis of HCPH, and liver biopsy is performed when necessary to make a confirmed diagnosis. This paper introduces the pathogenesis and pathological manifestations of IPH and EHPVO, as well as the selection of diagnostic methods and therapeutic strategies. If upper gastrointestinal bleeding can be effectively controlled, NCPH is considered to have a relatively good prognosis.
【关键字】:非肝硬化性门静脉高压症;特发性门静脉高压; 肝外门静脉血管阻塞
【Key words】:non-cirrhotic portal hypertension; idiopathic portal hypertension; extra-hepatic portal vein obstruction
【引证本文】:张博静, 韩国宏, 樊代明, 等. 非肝硬化性门静脉高压症的研究现状[J]. 临床肝胆病杂志, 2016, 32(2): 245-249.

地址:长春市东民主大街519号《临床肝胆病杂志》编辑部 邮编:130061 电话:0431-88782542/3542
临床肝胆病杂志 版权所有 Copyright © 2009 - 2013 Lcgdbzz.org. All Rights Reserv 吉ICP备10000617号

吉公网安备 22010402000041号