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药物性肝损伤的诊断和治疗

于乐成 范晔 陈成伟

引用本文:
Citation:

药物性肝损伤的诊断和治疗

DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-5256.2018.06.004
详细信息
  • 中图分类号: R575

Diagnosis and treatment of drug-induced liver injury

  • 摘要: 由于缺乏特异性生物标志物,药物性肝损伤(DILI)的诊断主要依赖排除法。其一是因果关系评估量表,以RUCAM量表应用最广,相对客观,但需适当改进。其二是总体判断法(专家观点法),带有明显的主观性,临床常用的是简化总体判断法;美国DILI网络采用的结构化专家观点程序法因费时费力而无法在临床上常规应用。药物再刺激试验(DRT)阳性是DILI临床诊断的金标准,但药物再刺激试验阴性不能排除DILI。淋巴细胞转化试验(LTT)、改良LTT、单核细胞源性肝细胞样细胞乳酸脱氢酶释放试验以及多种药物肝毒性预测模型对DILI的辅助诊断价值尚需深入评估。免疫相关的DILI与经典自身免疫性肝病的鉴别常需依据肝活组织检查、自身抗体种类和滴度以及对糖皮质激素的应答状况。合理把握停药时机和应用抗炎保肝药物,可使大多数DILI患者顺利康复,但少数重症患者需要肝移植。除非特别需要,一般不建议预防性应用保肝抗炎药物。DILI的精准诊断和防治需要持续深入的研究。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2018-04-10
  • 出版日期:  2018-06-20
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