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ISSN 1001-5256 (Print)
ISSN 2097-3497 (Online)
CN 22-1108/R
Volume 39 Issue 1
Jan.  2023
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Article Contents

Clinical features and related risk factors of chronic hepatitis B patients with concomitant minimal hepatic steatosis

DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-5256.2023.01.010
Research funding:

National Natural Science Foundation of China General Project (81970545);

National Natural Science Foundation of China General Project (82170609)

More Information
  • Corresponding author: WU Chao, dr.wu@nju.edu.cn (ORCID: 0000-0002-1657-010X)
  • Received Date: 2022-07-04
  • Accepted Date: 2022-09-16
  • Published Date: 2023-01-20
  •   Objective  To investigate the changes of clinical indices in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with concomitant minimal hepatic steatosis and related factors for minimal hepatic steatosis.  Methods  A total of 179 CHB patients who underwent liver biopsy in Department of Infectious Diseases, Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, from July 2018 to March 2022 were enrolled, and according to the degree of steatosis, they were divided into non-steatosis group with 98 patients and minimal hepatic steatosis group with 81 patients. Demographic information, clinical data, and liver histopathology data were collected, and related observation indices were compared between the two groups. The independent samples t-test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. A Spearman correlation analysis was performed, and a Logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors for minimal hepatic steatosis.  Results  Compared with the non-steatosis group, the minimal hepatic steatosis group had a significantly higher proportion of male patients (69.1% vs 52.0%, χ2=5.390, P < 0.05) and a significantly higher proportion of patients with significant liver fibrosis (43.2% vs 25.5%, χ2=6.234, P < 0.05). Compared with the non-steatosis group, the minimal hepatic steatosis group had significantly higher levels of body mass index (BMI) (23.61±2.95 kg/m2 vs 22.13±2.67 kg/m2, t=-4.150, P < 0.05), uric acid (UA) [333.0(291.0-375.5) μmol/L vs 287.5(244.8-345.3) μmol/L, Z=-3.620, P < 0.05], triglyceride [0.92 (0.66-1.14) μmol/L vs 0.77 (0.62-1.02) μmol/L, Z=-2.224, P < 0.05], and controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) [234 (214-258) dB/m vs 218 (201-237) dB/m, Z=-2.867, P < 0.05]. In the group with normal body weight, the patients with minimal hepatic steatosis had significantly higher levels of UA (333.0±63.9 μmol/L vs 291.0±72.8 μmol/L, t=-2.395, P < 0.05) a nd HBV DNA [4.44 (3.51-6.79) log10 IU/mL vs 3.42 (3.00-5.03) log10 IU/mL, Z=-2.474, P < 0.05]. BMI (odds ratio [OR]=1.223, 95% confidence interval [CI] : 1.086-1.378, P=0.001) and UA (OR=1.006, 95%CI: 1.002-1.010, P=0.008) were risk factors for minimal hepatic steatosis in CHB patients, and UA (OR=1.007, 95%CI: 1.001-1.013, P=0.022) was a risk factors for minimal hepatic steatosis in CHB patients with normal body weight.  Conclusion  Compared with the non-steatosis CHB patients, the CHB patients with minimal hepatic steatosis have a significantly higher proportion of patients with significant liver fibrosis and a significantly higher level of CAP. BMI and UA are independent risk factors for minimal hepatic steatosis in CHB patients, and for the CHB patients with normal body weight, elevated UA is closely associated with the onset of minimal hepatic steatosis.

     

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